Diagnosis-Related Group (DRG) Explained

DRG – Diagnosis-Related Group is an important term used in the healthcare industry, particularly in the context of hospital reimbursement. It is a system of classifying hospital cases into groups, based on similar clinical characteristics, for the purpose of determining the appropriate payment amount from insurance providers. In this article, we will discuss the meaning …

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Validation Master Plan (VMP) Explained

Validation Master Plan (VMP) is a critical document in the pharmaceutical industry that outlines the entire validation process of a pharmaceutical manufacturing system. It is an essential tool for ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements and maintaining product quality throughout the product lifecycle. What is a Validation Master Plan? A Validation Master Plan (VMP) is a …

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Performance Qualification (PQ) Explained

Performance Qualification (PQ) is a critical step in the validation process of pharmaceutical manufacturing equipment and processes. PQ ensures that the equipment or system is functioning properly and that it meets its intended requirements and specifications. What is Performance Qualification (PQ)? Performance Qualification (PQ) is the final step in the qualification process of pharmaceutical manufacturing …

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Operational Qualification (OQ) Explained

Operational Qualification (OQ) is a process that verifies and documents the operational functionality and performance of equipment or systems. It is an important aspect of the validation process for pharmaceuticals and other regulated industries. OQ is conducted after the installation of equipment, and before it is put into routine use. Why is OQ important in …

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Installation Qualification (IQ) explained

Installation Qualification, commonly referred to as IQ, is an essential process in the pharmaceutical industry. IQ is a critical stage in the validation process of equipment, facilities, and systems used in pharmaceutical manufacturing. This article aims to explain the meaning behind the acronym IQ and how it is used in the pharmaceutical industry. Installation Qualification …

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DQ – Design Qualification

DQ – Design Qualification is an important aspect of the pharmaceutical industry, ensuring that equipment, facilities, and systems used in the production of pharmaceutical products are suitable for their intended purpose. It is a part of the larger process of qualification, which includes installation qualification (IQ), operational qualification (OQ), and performance qualification (PQ). In this …

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